Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Page: 1-9
Design and Implementation of Solar Powered Automatic Irrigation System
Iyere Sunday Fidelis, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria
Idim Aniebiet Idim, Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Edo State, Nigeria; Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Petroleum Training Institute, Effurun-Warri, Delta State, Nigeria
Received: May 11, 2020;       Accepted: Jun. 4, 2020;       Published: Jun. 20, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajece.20200401.11      View  43      Downloads  29
This research is geared towards employing modern technology to enhance agricultural productivity through local and mechanized farming systems. The research work involves the construction of a device that controls water flow in an irrigation system most especially, in areas where there is acute shortage of water supply or insufficient rainfall which may be due to climate change resulting or causing draught and other environmental conditions. It is a device that is solar powered, as an alternative source of power supply to the entire irrigation system. The solar power supply consist of two modules or panels, a battery and charge regulator whose function is to control the battery charge and as well supply power to the load (motor) at various weather and soil moisture conditions. The device was tested and it was (is) able to minimize electrical power consumption, with a flow rate of water averaging at 20 liters per minute, due to the pump size and capacity. The humidity of the soil is detected by the soil moisture sensor which determines the voltage levels at which the water pump switches on/off. Also, there is an ultraviolet light sensor that enables the controller to switch off the pump during the period of higher intensity of sunlight, owing to the fact that most crop plants are irritated by water when the sun is very hot. The water pump is a D. C submersible type. An algorithm was designed for the smooth operation of the entire system.
Automatic Irrigation, Control System, Water, Solar Power, Soil Sensor
To cite this article
Iyere Sunday Fidelis, Idim Aniebiet Idim, Design and Implementation of Solar Powered Automatic Irrigation System, American Journal of Electrical and Computer Engineering. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-9. doi: 10.11648/j.ajece.20200401.11
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ashok & K. Ashok,; “ Microcontroller based drip irrigation system”, published in technical paper in www. Engineers.com on April 30th, 2010.
Benzekri, A, Refoufi, L “Design and Implementation of a Microprocessor Based Interrupt-Driven Control for an Irrigation System”, 10.1109/ICELIE.2006.347214, 2006, pp: 68–73.
BOBBY (2014) Solar Powered Auto Irrigation System. UPS battery center.com.
BOMAN, B. SMITH, S. TULLOS, B. (2006): Control and Automation in Citrus Microirrigation Systems. Gainesville: University of Florida.
Abishek Kumar and Megesh, S (2017) Automated Irrigation System Based On Soil Moisture Using ARDUINO. International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics- Volume 116, No 21, pp. 319-323.
CARDENAS-LAILHACAR, B. (2006): Sensor-Based Automation of Irrigation of Bermudagrass. (=Master Thesis). Gainesville: University of Florida URL [Accessed: 19.11.2019].
Christos “Maximizing Water Use Efficiency of Pearl Millet by Water and Drip Irrigation Management” Natural Resources Dept., Ins. of African Research and Studies, Cairo Univ., Egypt.., published in the 2nd International Conf. on Water Resources & Arid Environment (2014).
GRABOW, G. L. VASANTH, A. BOWMAN, D. HUFFMAN, R. L. MILLER, G. L. (2008): Evaluation Of Evapotranspiration-Based and Soil-Moisture based Irrigation Control in Turf. Ahupua'a: World Environmental and Water Resources Congress 2008 URL [Accessed: 07.05.2019].
IDE (n. y): Technical Manual for Ideal Micro Irrigation Systems. Golden: International Development Enterprises URL [Accessed: 07.05.2019].
J. S. Awati and V. S. Patil, “Automatic Irrigation Control by Using Wireless Sensor Networks”, Journal of Exclusive Management Science, Vol. 1, Issue 6, pp. 1-7, June 2012.
K. Prathyusha1, M. Chaitanya Suman2.., “DESIGN OF EMBEDDED SYSTEMS FOR THE AUTOMATION OF DRIP IRRIGATION”, International Journal of Application or Innovation in Engineering & Management (IJAIEM) Volume 1, Issue 2, October 2012 ISSN 2319.
M. Yildirim and M. Demirel, “An Automated Drip Irrigation System Based on Soil Electrical Conductivity”, The Philippine Agricultural Scientist, Vol. 94, No. 4, p. 343-349, December, 2011.
M. A. Mazidi, R. D. McKinlay and D. Causey, PIC “Microcontroller and Embedded Systems: Using Assembly and C for PIC18”, Pearson Education Inc., Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, 2008.
Robert, T. Boutraa, A. Akhkha, A. Alshuaibi and R. Atta, “Evaluation of the Effectiveness of an Automated Irrigation System Using Wheat Crops”, Agriculture and Biology Journal of North America, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 80-88, 2013.
R. M. Faye, F. Mora-Camino, S. Sawadogo, and A. Niang, “PC- Based Automation of a Multi-Mode Control for an Irrigation System, International Symposium on Industrial Embedded Systems”, Lisbon, 4-6 July, 2007, pp. 310-315.
TARUN AGARWAL (2017): Solar Powered Auto Irrigation System. Edgefx Technologies Pvt limited.
VORTECH (2009): Super Siphon: Installation and Design Manual. Warkworth: Ashby Consulting Engineering Ltd. URL [Accessed: 27.10.2011].
Anitha, k (2016) Automatic Irrigation System Second International Conferencce On Innovative Trends in Science, Engineering and Management. YMCA Cannought Place, New Delhi ICITSEM-16.
Nolz etal and Govinda Bhandari, “EFFECT OF PRECIPITATION AND TEMPERATURE VARIATION ON THE YIELD OF MAJOR CEREALS IN DADELDHURA DISTRICT OF FAR WESTERN DEVELOPMENT REGION, NEPAL” published in International Journal Of plant, Animal and Environmental Science-Volume 3, Issue 1.
E. A. OFOSU.; P. VAN DER ZAAG.; N. C. VAN DE GIESEN.; S. N. ODAI.,(2010): “Productivity of irrigation technologies”.
Dr. SHAHID AHMAD.; MUHAMMAD YASIN.; MOHAMMAD ASLAM.; ABDUL GHAFOOR MANGRIO.,(2012): “Pressurized Irrigation systems and Innovative adoptions”.
MUHAMMAD ASIF.; COL ISLAM-UL-HAQ.; ABDUL GHAFOOR MANGRIO.; NAVEED MUSTAFA.; BILAL IQBAL.,(2014): “Analysis of application uniformity and pressure variation of micro tube emitter of trickle irrigation system”.
K. Srikar, M. Akhil, V. Krishna reddy, (2017) “Execution of Cloud SchedulingAlgorithms”, International Innovative Research Journal of Engineering and Technology, vol 02, no 04, pp. 108-111.
Browse journals by subject